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Wastewater Collection and Treatment


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Wastewater Collection

Ever wonder what happens to your water after it goes down the drain?  The used water or wastewater goes into the Wastewater Collection System.  This collection system is a dedicated closed system of pipes which collects the wastewater and it transports the wastewater to the treatment/ reclamation facility so that it may be treated.  Proper wastewater collection and transport keeps our environment and people in our community healthy by safely containing the raw sewer until it can be treated at a reclamation facility.  




Many water professionals play a role in the wastewater collection process.  Engineers design the installation of wastewater collection pipes and how they will serve the customers.  System Operators install the pipes and manholes then perform any maintenance, cleaning, inspection and repair needed for the life of the pipe.  A GIS Analyst collects data about the wastewater main like location, age and pipe material and adds it to the system database so that System Operators and Engineers may reference that data in the future. 

Wastewater Reclamation

Once wastewater is transported to the Treatment/ Reclamation Facility, it goes through a number of treatment processes like filtration, aeration, disinfection, etc.  Once it has completed the treatment process, it is monitored to ensure the water is clean and of high quality.  The treated water is released back to a water source to be used again.  Because there is a limited amount of freshwater on earth, we must use our water over and over again, which is why we use the term reclaimed when speaking of this wastewater process.  The Water Use Cycle is the ultimate form of recycling and why it is so important for us to care for our water resources.  



It takes many Water Professionals working together for the wastewater treatment/ reclamation process to take place.  The wastewater treatment/ reclamation plants are large and intricate facilities.  Engineers design the wastewater treatment plants and the various processes that take place.  Once a treatment plant/ reclamation facility is in service, Wastewater Operators monitor and control the treatment process.  During the treatment process, Laboratory Operators collect samples to monitor and ensure the quality of the treatment before the cleaned water is released back to the environment.   Environmental Educators visit schools and community groups to share information about the Water Use Cycle so that the community can understand the process and the important role that Water Professionals have in the cycle.

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